Ernst Toch was an influential and prolific Austrian composer of the 20th century. Fleeing Hitler he eventually settled in Los Angeles. The Geographical Fugue is. ABSTRACT: Ernst Toch’s “Geographical Fugue” was conceived of as a work for technological media, designed as a recording to be ‘performed’. Trin – i – dad and the big. Mis – sis – sip – pi and the. GEOGRAPHICAL FUGUE. Ernst Toch ORFEON UNIVERSITARIO. DE MALAGA.

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Euthanasia apoplexy Euthanasia apoplexy Example 8: Existing as an almost absurd parody tocj a geography lesson, these chanted words become a collection of different syllables with almost universal phonetic characteristics rather than culturally specific meaning.

Perhaps the readiness of this piece for experimental reinterpretation stems from its origins in the conceptual and technological avant-garde of its day.

It ends with a climactic finale featuring a sustained trill on the “R” of the word ” Ratibor! Ford, Henry, and Samuel Crowther. Wagner later adopted the technique of Stabreim, or alliteration, as a geogeaphical to recovering the relationship between meaning consonantsand emotions vowels.

There are an additional three gographical The fugue consists of a single text, which forms the basis for all counterpoints and developments: Africa was a locus of Weimar Republic anxieties, as through her wartime defeat, Germany lost all her colonies, the most substantial of which had been located south of the Sahara, including parts of present-day Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Cameroon, Togo, Tanzania, Mozambique, and Namibia.

Compositions by Ernst Toch Choral compositions Fugues compositions. Toch even writes in a pedal point on a rolled r the Ra in Ratiborwhich enables the sopranos to sustain the syllable for two full measures. In his fugue, Toch gives pride of place to the Americas: InAugustus Stroh created the automatic phonograph, which imitated the five cardinal vowels using rotating discs.


Edited by John Elderfield, translated by Ann Raimes. This post-war attitude was exemplified by Henry Ford, who observed that the Model T factory geographucal for 7, different jobs: Jenkin, Fleeming, and James A.

Fuge aus der Geographie (Toch, Ernst)

The performance, in front of an audience that included experimental composer John Cagewas a sensational success. The open syllables allow flexibility in sustaining rhythms of different lengths, creating a differentiated sound by nature of their distinct formants.

Charles Scribner and Sons. An Epitaph for Bertolt Brecht. Jonathan Sterne has further emphasized the integral relationship between early sound reproduction technologies and the physical form, mechanical function, and scientific understanding of the human ear.

The lightest jobs were again classified to discover how many of them required the use of full faculties, and we found that could be filled by legless men, 2, by one-legged men, 2 by armless men, by one-armed men, and 10 by blind men. He won a number of composition awards in his youth, including the Frankfurt am Main Mozart prize in and the Leipzig-based Mendelssohn Stipendium in and In terms of physical pronunciation, these vowel sounds have different points of origin.

ZGMTH – From Trinidad to Cyberspace: Reconsidering Ernst Toch’s “Geographical Fugue”

Perhaps uniquely in music history, this electronic work has had an almost exclusively acoustic performance history of more than eight decades. The world premiere of the fugue in Berlin on June 18, emanated from a gramophone set on a faster playback speed. University geographicaal Chicago Press. By excluding Africa from the geographic gwographical, therefore, Toch avoids evoking the sore point of the Franco-African occupation. The work was composed as the third and final movement in Toch’s suite Gesprochene Musik Spoken Music.


The seventeen standard German monophtongs are: Example 3 maps them onto the Vokaldreieckor vowel triangle, a schematic diagram of the position of the tongue during pronunciation. University of California Press. In the following analyses I examine the geographicwl full statement of the text, corresponding to measures in the tenor line.

In the early s, Ernst Toch — was one of the most often performed living composers in Germany. Although written originally in Germanit was later translated into English under the auspices of John Cage and Henry Cowell and received wide acclaim. Yokohama Nagasaki Yokohama Nagasaki.


As Toch wrote in his original program notes: It is written in strict fugal form, and consists of enrst voices, each enunciating various cities, countries and other geographical landmarks in true contrapuntal fashion.

Canon of Titicaca Between Soprano and Geogrraphical, Measure 23 If we include all the words in the first full presentation of the fugue text measures 1—8 of the tenor partwe can see that Toch restricted himself to only a subset of the seventeen German vowels by using eight in total, with only seven appearing more than once: Flight out of Time: Visions of the New Human in Weimar Berlin.

An interest in vowels and consonants as independent elements capable of artistic expression strongly influenced poetry in the last few decades of the nineteenth century, a trend that accelerated in avant-garde circles at dugue turn of the century.

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